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An evolutionary theory of economic change
Verfasserangabe: Richard R. Nelson and Sidney G. Winter
Jahr: 1982
Verlag: Cambridge, MA [u.a.], Harvard University Press
Mediengruppe: Buch
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This book contains the most sustained and serious attack on mainstream, neoclassical economics in more than forty years. Nelson and Winter focus their critique on the basic question of how firms and industries change overtime. They marshal significant objections to the fundamental neoclassical assumptions of profit maximization and market equilibrium, which they find ineffective in the analysis of technological innovation and the dynamics of competition among firms. To replace these assumptions, they borrow from biology the concept of natural selection to construct a precise and detailed evolutionary theory of business behavior. They grant that firms are motivated by profit and engage in search for ways of improving profits, but they do not consider them to be profit maximizing. Likewise, they emphasize the tendency for the more profitable firms to drive the less profitable ones out of business, but they do not focus their analysis on hypothetical states of industry equilibrium. The results of their new paradigm and analytical framework are impressive. Not only have they been able to develop more coherent and powerful models of competitive firm dynamics under conditions of growth and technological change, but their approach is compatible with findings in psychology and other social sciences. Finally, their work has important implications for welfare economics and for government policy toward industry.
/ AUS DEM INHALT: / / / The Need for an Evolutionary Theory
Organization-Theoretic Foundations of Economic Evolutionary Theory
The Foundations of Contemporary Orthodoxy
Organizational Capabilities and Behavior
Textbook Economics Revisited
Static Selection Equilibrium
Firm and Industry Response to Changed Market Conditions
Growth Theory
Neoclassical Growth Theory: A Critique
An Evolutionary Model of Economic Growth
Economic Growth as a Pure Selection Process
Further Analysis of Search and Selection
Schumpeterian Competition
Dynamic Competition and Technical Progress
Forces Generating and Limiting Concentration under Schumpeterian Competition
The Schumpeterian Tradeoff Revisited
Economic Welfare and Policy
Normative Economics from an Evolutionary Perspective
The Evolution of Public Policies and the Role of Analysis
Retrospect and Prospect
VerfasserInnenangabe: Richard R. Nelson and Sidney G. Winter
Jahr: 1982
Verlag: Cambridge, MA [u.a.], Harvard University Press
Systematik: GW.VS, FS.E
Interessenkreis: Sprache: Englisch
ISBN: 0-674-27228-5
Beschreibung: XI,
Mediengruppe: Buch