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Anthropology, by comparison
Verfasserangabe: ed. by Andre Gingrich and Richard G. Fox
Jahr: 2002
Verlag: London, Routledge
Mediengruppe: Buch
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 Vorbestellen Zweigstelle: 07., Urban-Loritz-Pl. 2a Standorte: GS.EB Anth / College 2e - Ethnologie Status: Verfügbar Frist: Vorbestellungen: 0
Inhalt
Comparison has long been the backbone of the discipline of anthropology. But recent developments in anthropology, including critical self-reflection and new case studies sited in a globalized world, have pushed comparative work aside. For the most part, comparison as theory and method has been a casualty of the critique of 'grand theory' and of a growing mistrust of objectivist, hard-science methodology in the social sciences. Today it is time for anthropology to resume its central task of exploring humankind through comparison, using its newfound critical self-awareness under changing global conditions. In Anthropology By Comparision, an international group of prominent anthropologists re-visits, re-theorizes and re-invigorates comparison as a legitimate and fruitful enterprise. The authors explore the value of anthropological comparison and encourage an international dialogue about comparative research. While rejecting older, universalist comparative methods, these scholars take a fresh look at various subaltern and neglected approaches to comparison from their own national traditions. They then present new approaches that are especially relevant to the globalized world of the twenty-first century. Every student and practitioner of anthropology and the social sciences will find this thought-provoking volume essential reading. Anthropology, by Comparison is a call to creative reflection on the past and productive action in the present, a challenge to anthropologists to revitalize their unique contribution to human understanding. Anthropology, by Comparison is an indispensable overview of anthropology's roots - and its future - with regard to the comparative study of humankind. (Verlagstext)/ AUS DEM INHALT: / / / Introduction| 1 Richard GFox and Andre Gingrich Comparison and anthropology's public responsibility | 8 Reinvigorating past comparative methods | 13 New methods of comparison | 16 Notes | 21 Bibliography | 22 Part I: Comparison and anthropology's public responsibility | 25 1Anthropology's comparative consciousness: the case of human rights | 27 Kirsten Hastrup Language: law and the levelling of difference | 230 Experience: individuality and moral horizons | 35 Conclusion: theory and comparative conscience | 39 Bibliography | 41 2Action comparison: efforts towards a global and comparative yet local and active anthropology | 44 James Peacock Globalism, Bildung, Volkskunde, ethnography: comparison in historical perspective | 49 Towards action comparison | 54 Ethnographic grounding | 54 Cases in action comparison | 57 Issues for anthropology's action comparison | 57 Issues for anthropology's action comparison | 63 Conclusion | 65 Notes | 67 Bibliography | 68 3Issues of relevance: anthropology and the challenges of cross-cultural comparison | 70 Marit Melhuus Positioning the subject | 72 Issues of relevance: public pressures | 73 Issues of relevance: a view from within | 76 Challenges of cross-cultural comparison | 79 Problems of context | 82 Notes | 88 Bibliography | 90 Part II: Reinvigorating past comparative methods | 93 4Conditions of comparison: a consideration of two anthropological traditions in the Netherlands | 95 Jan Jde Wolf The development of Steinmetz's ideas | 97 Nieboer's work on slavery | 99 Other comparative studies instigated by Steinmetz | 102 A.J.FKöbben and the statistical method | 104 The Leiden tradition of regional-structural comparison | 108 Lévi-Strauss and the Leiden School | 111 Conclusion | 115 Bibliography | 119 5Some current kinship paradigms in the light of true Crow Indian ethnography | 124 Emmanuel Désveaux Crow Indian kinship terminology | 127 Underlying logic | 129 Ethnographic context | 134 Conclusion | 137 Notes | 139 6Comparison and contextualization: reflections on South Africa | 143 Adam Kuper Modalities of comparison | 144 Comparison in South African ethnography | 148 Khoisan studies | 153 Structural transformations | 156 A common humanity | 161 Notes | 162 Bibliography | 163 7The study of historical transformation in American anthropology | 167 Richard GFox Franz Boas and the historical method | 168 Alexander Lesser and the 'careers in time' | 168 Fred Eggan and controlled comparison | 170 Julian Steward and the study of 'development regularities' | 172 Eric Wolf and the 'lifeline' of a civilization | 173 Sidney Mintz and the return to 'careers in time' | 176 Clifford Geertz, Marshall Sahlins and doing history backward | 177 Sikh culture in the making | 179 Transformations of Gandhian protest | 180 Conclusion | 181 Notes | 183 Bibliography | 183 Part III: New methods of comparison | 185 8Comparison and ontogeny | 186 Christina Toren Becoming who we are | 188 Mind and intersubjectivity | 193 The language aspect of becoming who we are | 196 The phenomenology of learning | 198 Conclusion | 200 Notes | 201 Bibliography | 202 9The notion of art: from regional to distant comparison | 204 Thomas Fillitz Cross-cultural studies of art and society | 204 Regional comparison in the anthropology of art | 208 Meaning, aesthetics and comparison | 211 'Distant' comparison | 217 Conclusion | 222 Notes | 222 Bibliography | 222 10When ethnic majorities are 'dethroned': towards a methodology of self-reflexive, controlled macrocomparison | 225 Andre Gingrich Situating comparison in a present-day world | 226 Comparing 'dethroned majorities' in the collapse processes of two empires | 233 Conclusion | 240 Notes | 245 Bibliography | 246 Index | 249
Details
VerfasserInnenangabe: ed. by Andre Gingrich and Richard G. Fox
Jahr: 2002
Verlag: London, Routledge
Systematik: GS.EB, FS.E
ISBN: 978-0-415-26054-1
2. ISBN: 0-415-26054-X
Beschreibung: 261 S.
Beteiligte Personen: Gingrich, Andre; Fox, Richard Gabriel
Sprache: Englisch
Fußnote: Literaturangaben
Mediengruppe: Buch