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China in war and revolution, 1895-1949
VerfasserIn: Zarrow, Peter
Verfasserangabe: Peter Zarrow
Jahr: 2005
Verlag: London, Routledge
Mediengruppe: Buch
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 Vorbestellen Zweigstelle: 07., Urban-Loritz-Pl. 2a Standorte: GE.USZ FS.E Zarr / College 2d - Geschichte / Sammlung Duffek Status: Entliehen Frist: 07.01.2022 Vorbestellungen: 0
Inhalt
VERLAGSTEXT: / / Providing historical insights essential to the understanding of contemporary China, this text presents a nation's story of trauma and growth during the early twentieth century. It explains how China's defeat by Japan in 1895 prompted an explosion of radical reform proposals and the beginning of elite Chinese disillusionment with the Qing government. The book explores how this event also prompted five decades of efforts to strengthen the state and the nation, democratize the political system, and build a fairer and more unified society. Peter Zarrow weaves narrative together with thematic chapters that pause to address in-depth themes central to China's transformation. While the book proceeds chronologically, the chapters in each part examine particular aspects of these decades in a more focused way, borrowing from methodologies of the social sciences, cultural studies, and empirical historicism. Essential reading for both students and instructors alike, it draws a picture of the personalities, ideas and processes by which a modern state was created out of the violence and trauma of these decades. / / AUS DEM INHALT: / / List of illustrations | xiii / Preface | xv / Acknowledgements | xix / / PART I: The road to revolution, 1895-1919 | 1 / A prologue: The Boxers | 2 / The state of China at the dawn of the twentieth century | 6 / / 1. The rise of Confucian radicalism | 12 / Calls for institutional reform | 15 / Confucian radicalism in political context | 19 / Confucian radicalism in cultural context | 22 / Ideological revolution | 27 / / 2. 1911: History and historiography | 30 / The 1911 Revolution as prologue | 31 / The 1911 Revolution as phase | 35 / Political revolution as conservative social change | 40 / Structural breakdown during the Qing | 43 / Revolutionary atmosphere | 48 / / 3. Ideas and ideals in the fall of the Qing | 53 / Empire and nation | 54 / Nationalism and state-building: Liang Qichao | 60 / Han nationalism: race and revolution | 65 / / 4. From the military dictator to the warlords | 75 / The politics of the early Republic | 76 / Foreign affairs and monarchism | 79 / Militarism and the warlord era (1916-27) | 83 / The causes and effects of militarism | 87 / / 5. Social conditions in the countryside | 95 / The basic patterns of rural life | 96 / The disintegration of rural society | 101 / Peasants: Resistance, rebellion, and revolution | 104 / / 6. Urban social change | 112 / Urban development: Civil society and the bourgeoisie | 115 / New social forces: Workers | 117 / New social forces: Students, women | 122 / / 7. Intellectuals, the Republic, and a new culture | 128 / Constitutionalism, federalism, reform | 129 / The New Culture movement | 133 / The fate of Confucianism in modern China | 137 / Anarchism and socialism in the early Republic | 140 / / / PART II: Nationalism and revolution, 1919-37 | 145 / / 8. Politics and culture in the May Fourth movement | 149 / The May Fourth movement, 1919-21 | 151 / Imperialism and liberalism | 155 / The political significance of the May Fourth movement | 158 / Cultural revolution and social change | 162 / The modern nation and limits of change | 167 / / 9. National identity, Marxism, and social justice | 170 / "Problems versus isms" and liberalism versus Marxism-Leninism | 173 / "Science versus metaphysics" and modern Chinese conservatism | 178 / Anarchists versus communists: Defining Marxism | 183 / Common themes in May Fourth discourse | 187 / / 10. The rise of political parties | 190 / Guangzhou and the early Guomindang | 192 / The Chinese Communist Party and the First United Front | 196 / The "May Thirtieth" movement (1925) | 203 / / 11. Ideology and power in the National Revolution | 210 / Ideology and the Guomindang | 212 / Social radicalism in the 1920s: The peasantry | 216 / Social radicalism in the 1920s: Women | 221 / / 12. The Northern Expedition and the rise of Chiang Kai-shek | 230 / The Northern Expedition | 231 / The breakdown of the first United Front | 237 / The National Revolution and consolidation of power | 241 / / 13. The Nanjing decade, 1928-37: The Guomindang era | 248 / State-building in the Nanjing decade | 251 / Blue Shirts and new life: Guomindang fascism? | 255 / Economy, state, and society | 258 / Legitimacy, nationalism, and dissent | 263 / / 14. Peasants and Communists | 271 / The survival of the CCP | 274 / The Jiangxi Soviet | 279 / The lessons of the Futian Incident and guerrilla war | 283 / Intellectuals and their discovery of the masses | 288 / / / PART III: War and revolution, 1937-49 | 295 / / 15 The War of Resistance, 1937-45 | 299 / The Japanese invasion | 303 / Nationalists at war | 313 / Chongqing and Nanjing at war | 316 / / 16. Mao, Maoism, and the Communist Party | 324 / Maoism to 1949 | 325 / Rectification | 329 / The mass line | 333 / / 17. Revolution and civil war | 337 / Political protest and civil war | 339 / Communists and peasants, 1937-46 | 344 / Peasants and politics: Radicalization | 352 / / Epilog | 358 / / Notes | 368 / Index | 395 /
Details
VerfasserIn: Zarrow, Peter
VerfasserInnenangabe: Peter Zarrow
Jahr: 2005
Verlag: London, Routledge
Systematik: GE.USZ, FS.E
ISBN: 978-0-415-36448-5
2. ISBN: 0-415-36448-5
Beschreibung: XVIII, 411 Seiten : Illustrationen, Karten
Sprache: Englisch
Fußnote: Literaturangaben
Mediengruppe: Buch