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The Martians of science
five physicists who changed the twentieth century
VerfasserIn: Hargittai, István
Verfasserangabe: István Hargittai
Jahr: 2008
Verlag: Oxford [u.a.], Oxford Univ. Press
Mediengruppe: Buch
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 Vorbestellen Zweigstelle: 07., Urban-Loritz-Pl. 2a Standorte: NN.ENS FS.E Harg / College 6a - Naturwissenschaften Status: Verfügbar Frist: Vorbestellungen: 0
If science has the equivalent of a Bloomsbury group, it is the five men born at the turn of the twentieth century in Budapest: Theodore von Kármán, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller. From Hungary to Germany to the United States, they remained friends and continued to work together and influence each other throughout their lives. As a result, their work was integral to some of the most important scientific and political developments of the twentieth century.István Hargittai tells the story of this remarkable group: Wigner won a Nobel Prize in theoretical physics; Szilard was the first to see that a chain reaction based on neutrons was possible, initiated the Manhattan Project, but left physics to try to restrict nuclear arms; von Neumann could solve difficult problems in his head and developed the modern computer for more complex problems; von Kármán became the first director of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, providing the scientific basis for the U.S. Air Force; and Teller was the father of the hydrogen bomb, whose name is now synonymous with the controversial "Star Wars" initiative of the 1980s. Each was fiercely opinionated, politically active, and fought against all forms of totalitarianism.Hargittai, as a young Hungarian physical chemist, was able to get to know some of these great men in their later years, and the depth of information and human interest in The Martians of Science is the result of his personal relationships with the subjects, their families, and their contemporaries.Table of Contents:Introduction p. xix / Arrival and Departure p. 3 / Family Origins and Early Childhood p. 3 / Gem and Less: Gimnazium Experience p. 11 / Background in Hungary and First Transition p. 17 / Turning Points in Germany p. 33 / Theodore von Karman p. 33 / Leo Szilard p. 42 / Eugene P. Wigner p. 50 / John von Neumann p. 57 / Edward Teller p. 59 / Second Transition: To the United States p. 65 / Theodore von Karman p. 66 / Leo Szilard p. 71 / Eugene P. Wigner p. 79 / John von Neumann p. 81 / Edward Teller p. 83 / "To Protect and Defend": World War II p. 89 / Theodore von Karman p. 90 / Leo Szilard p. 96 / Eugene P. Wigner p. 115 / John von Neumann p. 122 / Edward Teller p. 126 / To Deter: Cold War p. 131 / Theodore von Karman p. 133 / Leo Szilard p. 138 / Eugene P. Wigner p. 154 / John von Neumann p. 156 / Edward Teller p. 160 / Being Martian p. 187 / Comparisons p. 187 / Traits p. 211 / Religion and Jewishness p. 225 / Being Hungarian p. 227 / Epilogue p. 229 / Greatness in Science p. 229 / Had They Lived p. 234 / Conclusion p. 238 / Sampler of Quotable Martians p. 241 / Notes p. 253 / Select Bibliography p. 289 // Chronologies p. 295 / Index p. 303 / Table of Contents provided by Blackwell's Book Services and R.R. Bowker. Used with permission.
VerfasserIn: Hargittai, István
VerfasserInnenangabe: István Hargittai
Jahr: 2008
Verlag: Oxford [u.a.], Oxford Univ. Press
Systematik: NN.ENS, NN.P, FS.E
ISBN: 0-19-536556-9
2. ISBN: 978-0-19-536556-6
Beschreibung: 1. issued as an Oxford Univ. Press paperback, XXIV, 313 S. : Ill., Kt.
Schlagwörter: Geschichte, Biographie, Physiker, Szilard, Leo, Teller, Edward, Von Kármán, Theodore, Von Neumann, John, Wigner, Eugene Paul, Geschichtsphilosophie, Vergangenheit, Biograph, Biographik, Lebenslauf, Physikerin, Landesgeschichte, Ortsgeschichte, Regionalgeschichte, Zeitgeschichte, Berühmte Persönlichkeit / Biographie, Biografie, Biographien, Biographisches Nachschlagewerk, Kármán, Th. v., Kármán, Th. von, Kármán, Theodor von, Kármán, Theodore v., Kármán, Theodore von, Kármán, Todor (M), Lebensbeschreibung, Neumann, J. von, Neumann, John von, Szilárd, Leo, Teller, E., Teller, Ede, Teller, Eduard, Vigner, E., Von Kármán, Th., Von Kármán, Theodor, Von Neumann, Johann, VonKármán, Theodore (RAK alt), VonNeumann, Johann, VonNeumann, John, Wigner, Eugen, Wigner, Eugen Paul, Wigner, Eugene P., Wigner, Jen¿, Wigner, Jen¿ Pál, Wigner, Jenõ, Geistesgeschichte, Vor- und Frühgeschichte, Atomphysiker, Marconi, Guglielmo, Naturwissenschaftler, Pauli, Wolfgang <Physiker>
Sprache: eng
Mediengruppe: Buch