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The structural crisis of capital
VerfasserIn: Mészáros, István
Verfasserangabe: by István Mészáros. [Forew. by John Bellamy Foster. Intr. by Richard Antunes]
Jahr: 2010
Verlag: New York, NY, Monthly Review Press
Mediengruppe: Buch
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Inhalt
 
Verlagstext:
 
In this collection of trenchant essays and interviews, István Mészáros, the world’s preeminent Marxist philosopher and winner of the Libertador Award for Critical Thought (the Bolivar Prize) for 2008, lays bare the exploitative structure of modern capitalism. He argues with great power that the world’s economies are on a social and ecological precipice, and unless decisive radical action is taken soon to totally transform our economic system—from one based upon the blind pursuit of profit to one controlled by the workers themselves to not just satisfy our basic needs but to help each of us to develop our full potential as human beings—we will find ourselves thrust headfirst into barbarism and environmental catastrophe.
 
Mészáros, however, is no pessimist. He believes that the multiple crises of world capitalism will encourage the working class to demand center stage in the construction of a new system of production and distribution designed to meet human needs rather than serve the relentless pursuit of profit—a struggle which is already underway in places such as Venezuela. As John Bellamy Foster says in the foreword to this indispensable book, “Today the structural crisis of capital provides the historical setting for a new revolutionary movement for social emancipation in which developments normally taking centuries would flit by like phantoms in decades or even years. But the force for such necessary, vital change remains with the people themselves, and rests on humanity’s willingness to constitute itself as both subject and object of history, through the collective struggle to create a just and sustainable world. This, Mészáros insists, constitutes the unprecedented challenge and burden of our historical time.”
 
 
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"For me, István Mészáros is one of the few people who has made essential contributions to the body of Marxist thought. Like Marx, he is not easy to read, but he is definitely worth the effort."
 
— Michael A. Lebowitz, author of Build It Now
 
 
"If everyone had the spirit of István Mészáros, that is, if everyone were…so mindful of the totality and the future, so fierce in opposition, so faithful to the exploited and oppressed, and so hopeful for a better world, then such a world would be in closer reach."
 
— Joel Kovel
 
 
 
 
 
 
/ AUS DEM INHALT: / / /
 
 
FOREWORD by John Bellamy Foster 9
INTRODUCTION: The Substance of the Crisis
by Ricardo Antunes 13
1THE UNFOLDING CRISIS AND THE RELEVANCE OF MARX 23
1"Confidence" and its Disappearance 24
2A Pseudo-Hegelian Triad 25
3The Nationalization of Capitalist Bankruptcy 29
4U.SDefault is by No Means "Unthinkable" 34
2THE PRESENT CRISIS 39
1Surprising Admissions 39
2The Assertion of U.SHegemony 41
2.1 "Extra-Territoriality" 42
2.2 Industrial Advantage from Military Secrecy 43
2.3 Direct Trade Pressures Applied
by the U.SLegislative and Executive 44
2.4 The Real Debt Problem 44
2.5 Political Antagonism Arising
from U.SEconomic Penetration 46
3Wishful Thinking about the "Decline of the U.S
as a Hegemonic Power" 49
4The Official View of "Healthy Expansion" 51
5POSTSCRIPT 1995: The Meaning of "Black Mondays"
(and Wednesdays) 52
3THE NECESSITY OF SOCIAL CONTROL 59
1The Counterfactual Conditionals of Apologetic Ideology 60
2Capitalism and Ecological Destruction 63
3The Crisis of Domination 67
4From "Repressive Tolerance" v - - '
to the Liberal Advocacy of Repression 76
5"War if the Normal Methods of Expansion Fail" 79
6The Emergence of Chronic Unemployment 83
7The Intensification of the Rate of Exploitation 86
8Capital's "Correctives" and Socialist Control 89
4RADICAL POLITICS AND TRANSITION TO SOCIALISM:
REFLECTIONS ON MARX'S CENTENARY 93
1The Meaning of Beyond Capital 95
2Historical Conditions of the Socialist Offensive 98
3The Need for a Theory of Transition 100
4"Restructuring the Economy"
and its Political Preconditions 106
4.1 The Dynamics of Postwar Developments 106
4.2 Alternatives to the Dominant "Economic Imperatives" Ill
4.3 The Historical Moment of Radical Politics 113
5BOLIVAR AND CHAVEZ: THE SPIRIT
OF RADICAL DETERMINATION 117
1"Feathers Carried by the Tempest" 117
2Chavez's Radical Critique of Politics in 1993 126
3Prospects for Development 130
6THE IMPORTANCE OF PLANNING
AND SUBSTANTIVE EQUALITY 147
1The "Invisible Hand" and the "Cunning of Reason" 147
2The Long Historical Gestation of the Categories
of Socialist Theory 152
3The Key Role of Substantive Equality 156
7A STRUCTURAL CRISIS OF THE SYSTEM:
JANUARY 2009 INTERVIEW IN SOCIALIST REVIEW ., 165
8THE TASKS AHEAD:
MARCH 2009 INTERVIEW IN DEBATE SOCIALISTA 173
1The Global Explosion of Capital's Structural Crisis 173
2In Place of Neo-Keynesian Illusions:
The Strategic Offensive of Anti-Systemic Forces 176
3Monopolistic Economy and Credit Card Imperialism 179
4The Irrationality of Capitalist "Down-Sizing"
in the Age of "Monopoly-Finance Capital" 183
5Deep-Seated Systemic Problems Call
for Structural Remedies 187
6Sectorial Interests and Class Solidarity 190
7Labor's Historical Alternative to Capital's Social Order 195
8A Radical Political Movement is Unthinkable
Without the Creative Self-Education of its Members 199
ENDNOTES 203
 
 
 
 
 
 
Details
VerfasserIn: Mészáros, István
VerfasserInnenangabe: by István Mészáros. [Forew. by John Bellamy Foster. Intr. by Richard Antunes]
Jahr: 2010
Verlag: New York, NY, Monthly Review Press
Systematik: GW.S, FS.E, GW.VS
Interessenkreis: Sprache: Englisch
ISBN: 978-1-583-67208-2
2. ISBN: 1-583-67208-7
Beschreibung: 218 S.
Beteiligte Personen: Foster, John Bellamy; Antunes, Richard
Sprache: eng
Mediengruppe: Buch