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The discovery of mankind
Atlantic encounters in the age of Columbus
VerfasserIn: Abulafia, David
Verfasserangabe: David Abulafia
Jahr: 2008
Verlag: New Haven and London, Yale University Press
Mediengruppe: Buch
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 Vorbestellen Zweigstelle: 07., Urban-Loritz-Pl. 2a Standorte: GE.N FS.E Abul / College 2d - Geschichte / Sammlung Duffek Status: Entliehen Frist: 14.01.2022 Vorbestellungen: 0
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VERLAGSTEXT: / / The first landings in the Atlantic World heralded striking and terrifying impressions of peoples entirely isolated from the explorers' continents, customs and religions. From the first recorded encounters with the native inhabitants of the Canary Islands in 1341 to Columbus' explorations in 1492 and Cabral's discovery of Brazil in 1500, western Europeans struggled to make sense of the existence of the peoples they met. Were they Adam's children, of a common lineage with the peoples of the Old World, or were they a separate creation, the monstrous races of medieval legend? Should they govern themselves? Did they have the right to be free? Emphasising contact between peoples rather than the discovery of lands, and using archaeological findings as well as eyewitness accounts, David Abulafia explores the social lives of the inhabitants, the motivations and tensions of the first transactions, and the swift transmutation of wonder to vicious exploitation. Lucid, readable and scrupulous, this is a work of humane engagement with a period in which tragically violent standards were set for European conquest across the world. / / / AUS DEM INHALT: / / List of Illustrations | xi / List of Maps | xiv / Preface | xv / Dramatis Personae | xix / Glossary | xxiv / / / PART I - Mental Horizons: The Peoples, Islands and Snore: of the Imagination | 1 / / Chapter 1: Finding People from Other Worlds | 3 / Was Mankind Created More Than Once? | 3 / Was Intelligent Life Created More Than Once? | 7 / / Chapter 2:Wild Men and Wanderers | 10 / Columbus Sets his Course, August 1492 | 10 / Strange Peoples | 14 / Wild Men of the West | 18 / Wild Men of the East | 20 / Men without Reason | 21 / / / Chapter 3:Images of Asia | 24 / Rumours of Japan | 24 / Letters to the Rulers of the Orient | 27 / / / PART II - Eastern Horizons: The Peoples, Islands and Shores of the Eastern Atlantic | 31 / / Chapter 4:Innocence and Wildness in the Canary Islands, 1341-1400 | 33 / Seven Miniature Continents | 33 / The View from Florence, 1341 | 36 / A Pastoral Idyll | 40 / Wild Solitude | 42 / The Revelation to the Pagans, 1400 | 44 / / Chapter 5: The Canary Islanders, 1341-1496 | 49 / Uncontaminated Gentiles | 49 / Island Berbers | 51 / The Naked and the Clothed | 54 / Pagan Rites | 58 / Divided Realms | 62 / / Chapter 6: Rights of Dominion, 1341-1496 | 65 / Contrasting Priorities, 1341-51 | 65 / The Grumbling Canon of Zurich, 1370/1450 | 68 / Missions to the Edges of the World, 1344-1400 | 70 / / Chapter 7: Quarrelsome Conquerors, 1402-44 | 76 / Chivalry and Greed, 1402-4 | 76 / Prince Henry's Ambitions, 1424-36 | 82 / Nearly Wild Men, 1436-60 | 86 / Gold and Slaves, 1444-96 | 90 / Black and Brown Slaves, 1444 | 90 / Africa in Western Eyes | 92 / Castile Claims its Share, 1479-96 | 95 / / / PART III - Western Horizons: The Peoples, Islands and Shores of the Western Atlantic | 103 / / Chapter 9:From the Old Canaries to the New Canaries, 1492 | 105 / The Island of the Holy Saviour, 12 October 1492 | 105 / Simple and Beautiful People, October 1492 | 110 / / Chapter 10: Tainos and Caribs | 115 / Early Peoples of the Caribbean | 115 / The Taino Indians | 117 / In Harmony with Nature? | 119 / Chieftains and Families | 123 / The Caribs | 125 / / Chapter 11: Turtles, Shamans and Snorting Tubes | 131 / A Humble Friar | 131 / A World outside Time | 137 / Conversations with the Dead | 141 / / Chapter 12: Cuba = Cipangu = Japan, 1492 | 145 / Going from Good to Better, October 1492 | 145 / The Discovery of Cuba, October-November 1492 | 149 / An Imperfect Paradise, November 1492 | 153 / Cannibal Tales, November 1492 | 155 / Spain's New Dominions, November-December 1492 | 158 / / Chapter 13: La Navidad, 1492-3 | 162 / The Second Spain, December 1492 | 162 / Naked Kings, December 1492 | 164 / The First European Settlement, Christmas 1492 | 167 / First Encounter with the Caribs, January 1493 | 172 / / Chapter 14: First News of the New World, 1493 | 175 / Reports from Paradise, 1493 | 175 / The Golden Age, 1493/1511 | 178 / A Borgia Divides the World, May 1493 | 183 / / Chapter 15: Into the Caribbean, 1493-4 | 187 / Columbus Visits the Cannibals, November 1493 | 187 / Violence in Paradise, 1493-4 | 192 / The Spanish Stockade, 1494 | 196 / / Chapter 16: Misrule in Hispaniola, 1494-6 | 199 / Fleeting Glimpses of Cathay, 1494-5 | 199 / Pacification by Means of War, 1494 | 201 / Handcuffs from Heaven, 1495 | 206 / Tribute in Gold, 1495-6 | 207 / / Chapter 17: The Project Unravels, 1497-8 | 213 / A Pear-Shaped World, 1498 | 213 / `In Their Demeanour like to Brute Beasts', 1497-8 | 217 / The Virgin and Child of Calicut, 1497-8 | 220 / / Chapter 18: Columbus Eclipsed, 1498-1506 | 224 / Roldan's Rebellion, 1498 | 224 / Towards the Lands of the Mayas, 1502 | 228 / The Moon Turns to Blood, 1503-4 | 235 / Encomienda Tribute | 238 / / / PART IV - Southern Horizons: The Peoples and Shores of Atlantic South America | 239 / / Chapter 19: Vespucci's Tabloid Journalism, 1497-1504 | 241 / A Florentine Publicist | 241 / A Voyage of the Imagination, 1497 | 244 / Vespucci¿s Cannibals, 1499 | 251 / Slavers and their Victims, 1499-1504 | 258 / America is Born, 1507 | 260 / / Chapter 20: The Land of the Holy Cross, 1500 | 262 / The Lands of the Tupinamba | 262 / The Great Blemish | 265 / Cabral's Landfall, April 1500 | 268 / Cabral among the Tupi Indians, April 1500 | 271 / An Innocent People, May 1500 | 274 / / Chapter 21: The Realm of King Arosca, 1505 | 278 / Brazilwood and Black Slaves, 1501-11 | 278 / A Lost French Ship, 1503-4 | 279 / Cruel Eaters of Men, 1504 | 282 / / Chapter 22: A Compulsory Voluntary `Requirement', 1511-20 | 286 / The Church in the New World, 1492-1516 | 286 / Aristotle and the American Indians | 288 / The Laws of Burgos, 1512 | 293 / The Doctrine of Submission, 1511-13 | 294 / Theory and Practice in Cuba, 1511-13 | 299 / Mexico, a New New World - But Strangely Familiar, 1520 | 302 / / Conclusion: The Renaissance Discovery of Man | 306 / The True Discoverer | 306 / The Wonder of Discovery | 308 / The Encounters Continue | 310 / / Abbreviations | 314 / Notes | 317 / Bibliography | 345 / Index | 367 /
Details
VerfasserIn: Abulafia, David
VerfasserInnenangabe: David Abulafia
Jahr: 2008
Verlag: New Haven and London, Yale University Press
Systematik: GE.N, FS.E
ISBN: 978-0-300-12582-5
2. ISBN: 0-300-12582-8
Beschreibung: XXVI, 379 Seiten : Illustrationen, Karten
Sprache: Englisch
Fußnote: Literaturangaben
Mediengruppe: Buch