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Working hard, working poor
a global journey
VerfasserIn: Fields, Gary S.
Verfasserangabe: Gary S. Fields
Jahr: 2012
Verlag: Oxford, Oxford University Press
Mediengruppe: Buch
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Inhalt
More than three billion people, nearly half of humankind, live on less than two-and-a-half U.S. dollars per person per day. Studies have shown repeatedly that the main and often the sole asset of the poor is their labor. It follows that to understand global poverty one must understand labor markets and labor earnings in the developing world. Excellent books exist on ending world poverty that discuss in depth many important aspects of economic development but do not focus on employment and self-employment, work and non-work.
 
Working Hard, Working Poor fills in where the other books leave off. Issues of analyzing poverty and low earnings in the developing world are quite different from those in the developed world. The discourse in the developed world is about incentive effects of social welfare programs, cultures of poverty, single-parenthood, homelessness, drug and alcohol abuse, ill health, mental illness, domestic violence, and the like. But in the developing world, different issues predominate, such as own-account work and household enterprises, agricultural work, casual employment, and informal work. And some of the policy issues--stimulating economic growth, harnessing the energies of the private sector, increasing paid employment, and raising the returns to self-employment--take a different twist. This book shows how people in poverty work, what has been effective in helping the poor earn their way out of poverty, and how readers might help.
 
 
Pressestimmen:
 
"Gary Fields shows us the lives of the poor in developing countries and explains why so many are condemned to a life of hardship, no matter how hard they work. He also distills some of what's worked around the world and shows that solutions are possible." --Joseph E. Stiglitz, Nobel Laureate in Economics, 2001
 
 
"Working Hard, Working Poor addresses the world's greatest economic problem. Even in this time of cell phones, international e-mail and globalization more generally, a full half of the world's population has less than $2.50 per day in purchasing power. There is not enough wage employment for those who want to work. Gary Fields, with great sensitivity, puts us in their shoes (insofar as they have them) and shows how we can increase and improve employment to alleviate their suffering. We all have a moral responsibility to read and to understand his message."--George Akerlof, Nobel Laureate in Economics, 2001
 
 
Aus dem Inhalt:
 
Acknowledgments ix
 
Part One: How the Poorer Half Works
 
1. A Life's Journey 3
 
2. A Problem of Enormous Proportions 12
 
3. Four Workers' Stories 24
 
4. How the Poor Are Working 42
 
5. Labor Markets in a Globalized World 68
 
Part Two: Helping the Poor Earn Their Way Out of Poverty
 
6. Setting Objectives, Facing Trade-Offs 85
 
7. Growth, Trade, and Aid 101
 
8. Harnessing the Energies of Private Companies 119
 
9. Labor Market Policies for Generating More Wage
 
Employment 135
 
10. Increasing Self-Employment Earnings 150
 
Part Three: Taking Action
 
11. What Can You Do? 183
 
Notes 187
 
References 205
 
Index 221
 
Details
VerfasserIn: Fields, Gary S.
VerfasserInnenangabe: Gary S. Fields
Jahr: 2012
Verlag: Oxford, Oxford University Press
Systematik: GW.S, FS.E
Interessenkreis: Sprache: Englisch
ISBN: 978-0-19-979464-5
2. ISBN: 0-19-979464-2
Beschreibung: IX, 230 S. : Ill.
Sprache: eng
Fußnote: Literaturverz. S. [205] - 220
Mediengruppe: Buch